Fluoride

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  1. Effects

    1. Children in high-fluoride areas had significantly lower IQ scores than those who lived in low-fluoride areas [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3491930/]
    2. State prevalence of artificial water fluoridation in 1992 significantly positively predicted state prevalence of ADHD in 2003, 2007 and 2011, even after controlling for socioeconomic status. A multivariate regression analysis showed that after socioeconomic status was controlled each 1% increase in artificial fluoridation prevalence in 1992 was associated with approximately 67,000 to 131,000 additional ADHD diagnoses from 2003 to 2011. Overall state water fluoridation prevalence (not distinguishing between fluoridation types) was also significantly positively correlated with state prevalence of ADHD for all but one year examined [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25890329]
    3. Children with elevated blood lead & interferes with cholinergic function [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17420053]
    4. Equivocal evidence of carcinogenic activity of sodium fluoride in male rats based on the occurrence of a small number of osteosarcomas in treated animals [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2071234]
    5. Hypothyroidism [http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2965422/Fluoride-water-linked-thyroid-problem-causes-weight-gain-depression-tiredness-study-claims.html]
    6. Recent scientific literature reveals a consistent pattern of evidence--hip fractures, skeletal fluorosis, the effect of fluoride on bone structure, fluoride levels in bones and osteosarcomas--pointing to the existence of causal mechanisms by which fluoride damages bones [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9161076]
    7. Mild and severe chronic fluorosis were produced in Wistar rats by feeding them with water containing 10 ppm and 30 ppm fluoride respectively for eight months. There were some different changes in the eighteen blood biochemical indices between mild and severe chronic fluorosis. GSH-px, K+, Ca2+, p2-, Apr and cAMP from these blood biochemical indices were chosen to set up a diagnostic function discriminant of mild and severe chronic fluorosis by the computer. [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2036910]
    8. The effects of antidepressants on the thyroid axis in depression [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8439600]
    9. Hypothyroxinemia and phenytoin toxicity: a vicious circle [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8905247]
    10. Hyperthyroidism secondary to antidepressive treatment with fluoxetine [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10638001]
    11. Effect of paroxetine on thyroid hormone levels in severely depressed patients [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11015031]
    12. Brain kinetics of paroxetine and fluoxetine on the third day of placebo substitution: a fluorine MRS study [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10964871]
    13. Metabolism of [(14)C]flusilazole in the goat [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10794648]
    14. Weight gain in infants breastfed by mothers who take fluoxetine [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10545587]
    15. Fluoxetine increases resting energy expenditure and basal body temperature in humans [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7733022]
    16. Complex movement disorders induced by fluoxetine [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8723152]
    17. Subchronic administration of fluoxetine to rats affects triiodothyronine production and deiodination in regions of the cortex and in the limbic forebrain [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8173980]
  2. Resources

    1. Fluoride in diet [MedlinePlus: Fluoride in diet]
    2. [USDA: National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release]
If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough. — Albert Einstein; Simple-complexity. — Mathew Tyler
  1. "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002420.htm", nlm.nih.govhttps://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002420.htm
  2. "USDA: National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release", ndb.nal.usda.govhttps://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/nutrients/report/nutrientsfrm?max=5000&offset=0&totCount=0&nutrient1=313&nutrient2=&nutrient3=&subset=0&fg=&sort=f&measureby=m
  3. "Children in high-fluoride areas had significantly lower IQ scores than those who lived in low-fluoride areas", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3491930/
  4. "Exposure to fluoridated water and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder prevalence among children and adolescents in the United States: an ecological association", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25890329
  5. "Confirmation of and explanations for elevated blood lead and other disorders in children exposed to water disinfection and fluoridation chemicals", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17420053
  6. "Results and conclusions of the National Toxicology Program's rodent carcinogenicity studies with sodium fluoride", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2071234
  7. "DailyMail.co.uk: Fluoride in water is 'linked to thyroid problem which causes weight gain, depression and tiredness', study claims", dailymail.co.ukhttp://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2965422/Fluoride-water-linked-thyroid-problem-causes-weight-gain-depression-tiredness-study-claims.html
  8. "New evidence on fluoridation", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9161076
  9. "An experimental study of blood biochemical diagnostic indices for chronic fluorosis", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2036910
  10. "The effects of antidepressants on the thyroid axis in depression", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8439600
  11. "Hypothyroxinemia and phenytoin toxicity: a vicious circle", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8905247
  12. "Hyperthyroidism secondary to antidepressive treatment with fluoxetine", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10638001
  13. "Effect of paroxetine on thyroid hormone levels in severely depressed patients", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11015031
  14. "Brain kinetics of paroxetine and fluoxetine on the third day of placebo substitution: a fluorine MRS study", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10964871
  15. "Metabolism of [(14)C]flusilazole in the goat", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10794648
  16. "Weight gain in infants breastfed by mothers who take fluoxetine", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10545587
  17. "Fluoxetine increases resting energy expenditure and basal body temperature in humans", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7733022
  18. "Complex movement disorders induced by fluoxetine", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8723152
  19. "Subchronic administration of fluoxetine to rats affects triiodothyronine production and deiodination in regions of the cortex and in the limbic forebrain", ncbi.nlm.nih.govhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8173980
  20. "Semper fidelis", wikipedia.orghttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semper_fidelis
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